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Norman P. Ho

Professor of Law

“General jurisprudence as a field has placed less attention on the legal theories of non-Western traditions, especially the Chinese legal tradition.  Many areas of law have become increasingly transnational and have emphasized comparative research, and legal theory should be no exception.  My research looks at how the Chinese legal tradition and Chinese legal theory can contribute to long-standing questions in the legal theory field generally and also how our understanding of key issues in Chinese legal thought can be enriched by concepts and methodologies from Western legal theory.”

  • BIO

    Norman P. Ho’s research interests, broadly speaking, are in legal theory and legal history.  More specifically, he writes in the areas of premodern Chinese legal history and legal theory, comparative jurisprudence, property theory, and Asian-American jurisprudence.  Prior to joining STL, Professor Ho practiced law in the law firms of Slaughter and May and Morrison & Foerster LLP.  Based in Hong Kong, his practice focused on a wide range of capital markets, private equity, and M&A transactions, as well as U.S. securities law compliance matters.  He also previously taught as a lecturer in the University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law and has served as a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Chinese Law (University of Hong Kong) and as a visiting associate professor and Asian Law Institute Visiting Fellow at the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law.

    By affiliation, Professor Ho also serves as an honorary fellow of the University of Hong Kong’s Asian Institute of International Financial Law and as an affiliated scholar in the Transnational Legal History Group of the Chinese University of Hong Kong’s Center for Comparative and Transnational Law. He received his A.B. and A.M. degrees from Harvard University and his J.D. from New York University School of Law, where he received the Howard L. Greenberger Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Comparative Law.

    • Property I and II
    • Traditional Chinese Legal Thought
    • International Capital Markets Transactions in Hong Kong
    • Legal Theory

    Book contributions:

    • “Natural Law in Confucianism,” in Jonathan Crowe & Constance Youngwon Lee  eds., Research Handbook on Natural Law Theory.  Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2019.
    • “Lockean property theory in Confucian thought: property in the thought of Wang Fuzhi (1619–92) and Huang Zongxi (1610–95),” in James Penner & Michael Otsuka eds., Property Theory: Legal and Political Perspectives.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
    • “Addressing Corruption and the Trial of Bo Xilai: Historical Continuities, Rule of Law Implications,” in John Garrick and Yan Chang Bennett, eds., China’s Socialist Rule of Law Reforms Under Xi Jinping.  London: Routledge, 2016.
    • “WANG Anshi,” in Kerry Brown, ed., Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography. Great Barrington: Berkshire, 2014.
    • “Prospectus Simplification in Hong Kong,” in PLI First Annual Institute on Corporate and Securities Law in Hong Kong 2013: Coursebook. New York: Practising Law Institute, 2013. (with John Moore and Jun-min Tang)
    • “RMB Bonds in Hong Kong,” in PLI First Annual Institute on Corporate and Securities Law in Hong Kong 2013: Coursebook. New York: Practising Law Institute, 2013. (with John Moore and Melody He-Chen)
    • “Organized Crime in China: The Chongqing Crackdown,” in John Garrick, ed., Law and Policy for China’s Market Socialism. London: Routledge, 2012.


    • “Legal Realism and Chinese Law: Are Confucians Legal Realists, Too?” Tsinghua China Law Review. Volume 13, No. 1. 2020.
    • “A Look into Traditional Chinese Administrative Law and Bureaucracy: Feeding the Emperor in Tang Dynasty China.”  University of Pennsylvania Asian Law Review.  Volume 15, No. 1.  2019.
    • “Literature as Law?  The Confucian Classics as Ultimate Sources of Law in Traditional China.” Law and Literature. Volume 31, No. 2.  2019.
    • “Debates on Mutilating Corporal Punishment and Theories of Punishment in Traditional Chinese Law.” Tsinghua China Law Review. Volume 11, No. 1. 2018.
    • “Chinese Legal Thought in the Han-Tang Transition: Liu Song’s (d. 300) Theory of Adjudication.” UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal. Volume 35, No. 2.  2018.
    • “Internationalizing and Historicizing Hart’s Theory of Law.” Washington University Jurisprudence Review. Volume 10, No. 2. 2018.
    • “Natural Law in Chinese Legal Thought: The Philosophical System of Wang Yangming.” Yonsei Law Journal. Volume 8, No. 1&2.  2017.
    • “The Legal Thought of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907).” Frontiers of Law in China. Volume 12, No. 4. 2017.
    • “Confucian Jurisprudence, Dworkin, and Hard Cases.” Washington University Jurisprudence Review. Volume 10, No. 1. 2017.
    • “Chinese (PRC & ROC) Nationality Laws and Reconceptualizing Asian-American Identity.” UCLA Asian Pacific American Law Journal. Volume 22, No. 1. 2017.
    • “A Confucian Theory of Property.” Tsinghua China Law Review, Volume 9, No.1. 2016.
    • “State of Nature Theory in Chinese Political and Legal Thought.”  Northwestern Interdisciplinary Law Review.  Volume VIII.  2015
    • “Understanding Traditional Chinese Law in Practice: The Implementation of Criminal Law in the Tang Dynasty (618-907).” UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal. Volume 32, No. 2. 2015.
    • “Confucian Jurisprudence in Practice: Pre-Tang Dynasty Panwen (Written Legal Judgments).” Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal (now known as the Washington International Law Journal). Volume 22, No. 1. 2013.
    • “Asian-American Jurisprudence and Corporate Law: Politicization, Racialization, Foreignness, and the U.S. CFIUS Foreign Direct Investment Review Mechanism.” Widener Journal of Law, Economics & Race. Volume 4, Issue 1. 2012.
    • “A Tale of Two Cities: Business Trust Listings and Capital Markets in Singapore and Hong Kong.” Journal of International Business and Law. Volume 11.2. 2012.
    • “The Legal Philosophy of Zhu Xi (1130-1200) and Neo-Confucianism’s Possible Contributions to Modern Chinese Legal Reform.” Tsinghua China Law Review. Volume III, No. 2. 2011.
    • “Ying jiang gudai chuantong falü shiwei zhengui ziyuan – Meiguo de Zhongguo falü yanjiu” [“The Chinese Legal Tradition Should be Viewed as a Resource for Modern Chinese Legal Reform – Suggestions for American Scholarship on Chinese Law”], Chinese Social Sciences Today. March 1, 2011.
    • “Stare Decisis in Han China: Dong Zhongshu (179-104 BC), the Chunqiu, and the Systemization of Law.” Tufts Historical Review, Vol. III, no.1. Spring 2010.
    • “Law, Literature, and Gender in Tang China: An Exploration of Bai Juyi’s (772-846) Selected Panwen on Women.” Tsinghua China Law Review. Vol. I, No. 1. Spring 2009.

    Book review:

    • Review of Civil Unrest and Governance in Hong Kong: Law and Order from Historical and Cultural Perspectives. Michael H.K. Ng & John D. Wong (book editors). Abingdon Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2017. Law and Literature. Volume 31, No. 2.  2019.
    • Review of True Crimes in Eighteenth-Century China: Twenty Case Histories. Compiled and Translated by Robert E. Hegel. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 2009. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics. Volume 43, No. 3. 2011.
    • J.D., New York University School of Law
    • A.B. and A.M., Harvard University
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