Skip to content

Stephen Minas

Associate Professor of Law

“In recent years, international cooperation and competition have been dramatically changed by the intensification of environmental crises, the growing economic weight of large developing countries, technological and financial innovation, the rise of a new generation of international organizations and expanded non-state actor participation in governance. The study and further elaboration of mechanisms of transnational cooperation and dispute resolution in this context can contribute to meeting our most pressing shared challenges.” 

  • BIO

    Stephen Minas’s research concerns novel transnational processes of law, policy and dispute resolution that address the emerging sustainable economy, focused on the nexus of climate change, finance, energy and technology. This research agenda draws on areas of legal doctrine and practice including public international law, private international law, energy law, financial law and European Union law.

    Professor Minas is a senior research fellow of the Transnational Law Institute of King’s College London and a member of the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL) and its Climate Change Specialist Group, and is a participant in the WCEL ‘transition of energy systems’ project. Professor Minas currently serves as vice-chair of the UNFCCC Technology Executive Committee, which serves the UN Climate Convention and Paris Agreement. He has consulted to or collaborated with a variety of international organizations and think-tanks.

    Previously, Professor Minas has worked as a visiting lecturer at King’s College London (teaching in areas including finance law, climate change law and transnational law), an adviser to the Premier of the Australian state of Victoria, working on a variety of policy and legal areas, and for members of the Australian Parliament. He is admitted as an Australian lawyer, has completed the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre’s Tribunal Secretary Accreditation Programme and is an associate member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

    • Law of International Financial Institutions
    • Advanced Transnational Law
    • Climate Change
    • Public International Law

    Journal articles

    • Stephen Minas, “The Paris Agreement’s Technology Framework and the Need for ‘Transformational Change’” (2020) 14(4) Carbon & Climate Law Review 241,
    • Stephen Minas, Matt Kennedy and Karsten Krause, “Navigating a Just Transition through the Climate Emergency: What Role for Finance and Technology” (2020) Irish Studies in International Affairs (online first),
    • Stephen Minas, “EU climate law sans frontières: The extension of the 2030 Framework to the Energy Community contracting parties” (2020) 29 Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law 177.
    • Stephen Minas, “The Energy Community as a Mechanism of Legal Transition and European Integration in the Western Balkans” (November 2019) Law Review Iustinuanus Primus.
    • Eloise Scotford and Stephen Minas, “Probing the Hidden Depths of Climate Law: Analysing National Climate Change Legislation” (2019) 28 Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 67.
    • Megan Bowman and Stephen Minas, “Resilience through interlinkage: the Green Climate Fund and Climate Finance Governance” (2019) 19 Climate Policy 342.
    • Stephen Minas, “Why the ICJ’s Chagos Archipelago Advisory Opinion Matters for Global Justice—and for ‘Global Britain’” (2019) 10 Transnational Legal Theory 123.
    • Stephen Minas, “Marine Technology Transfer under a BBNJ Treaty: A Case for Transnational Network Cooperation“ (2018) 112 AJIL Unbound 144.
    • Eloise Scotford, Stephen Minas and Andrew Macintosh, ‘Climate Change and National Laws across Commonwealth Countries’ (2017) 44 Commonwealth Law Bulletin 318.
    • Rafael Leal-Arcas and Stephen Minas, “Mapping the International and European Governance of Renewable Energy” (2016) 35 Oxford Yearbook of European Law 621.
    • Stephen Minas, “China’s Climate Change Dilemma: Policy and Management for Conditions of Complexity” (2012) 14 Emergence: Complexity & Organization 40.
    • Stephen Minas, “Kill Fewer, Kill Carefully’: An Analysis of the 2006 to 2007 Death Penalty Reforms in China” (2009) 27 UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal 36.


    • Vassilis Ntousas and Stephen Minas (eds), The European Union and China’s Belt and Road: Impact, Engagement and Competition (Routledge 2021).
    • Stephen Minas and Vassilis Ntousas (eds), EU Climate Diplomacy: Politics, Law and Negotiations (Routledge 2018).
    • Stephen Minas and H. Jordan Diamond (eds), Stress Testing the Law of the Sea: Dispute Resolution, Disasters & Emerging Challenges (Brill, 2018).

    Book chapters

    • Stephen Minas, “China’s Mental Health Law”, in H. Minas (ed.), Mental Health in China and the Chinese Diaspora: Historical and Cultural Perspectives (Springer 2021).
    • Stephen Minas, “Transnational Legal Education in China”, in Peer Zumbansen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Law (Oxford University Press 2021).
    • Stephen Minas, “Climate Change Governance, International Relations, and Politics: A Transnational Law Perspective”, in Peer Zumbansen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Law (Oxford University Press 2021).
    • Stephen Minas, ‘Towards environmental rule of law? Environmental standards for investment in the Belt and Road Initiative, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and BRICS New Development Bank’, in Rafael Leal-Arcas (ed.), The Future of International Economic Law and the Rule of Law (Chișinău, Eliva Press 2020).
    • Stephen Minas, “Jessup at the United Nations: International Legacy, Transnationall Possibilities”, in Peer Zumbansen (ed.), The Many Lives of Transnational Law: Critical Engagements with Jessup’s Bold Proposal (Cambridge University Press 2020).
    • Stephen Minas, “The Ocean-Climate Nexus in the Unfolding Anthropocene”, in Michelle Lim (ed.), Charting Environmental Law Futures in the Anthropocene (Springer, 2019).
    • David D. Caron and Stephen Minas, ‘Conservation or Claim? The Motivations for Recent Marine Protected Areas’ in Nilufer Oral and Harry Scheiber (eds), Ocean Law Debates: The 50 Year Legacy and Emerging Issues for the Years Ahead (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff 2018).
    • Stephen Minas, ‘Towards the East: The Energy Community and the Extension of EU Climate Governance’ in Stephen Minas and Vassilis Ntousas (eds), EU Climate Diplomacy: Politics, Law and Negotiations (Routledge 2018).
    • Stephen Minas, ‘The Sendai Opportunity: Maritime Access and Cooperation for Disaster Relief’ in Stephen Minas and H Jordan Diamond (eds), Stress Testing the Law of the Sea: Dispute Resolution, Disasters and Emerging Challenges (Brill 2018).
    • Stephen Minas, “Energy and the Law of the Sea”, in Research Handbook on EU Energy Law and Policy, edited by Rafael Leal-Arcas and Jan Wouters, Edward Elgar, 2017.
    • Rafael Leal-Arcas and Stephen Minas, “Renewable Energy” in Research Handbook on International Law and Natural Resources, edited by Elisa Morgera & Kati Kulovesi, Edward Elgar, 2016.
    • Harry Minas, Danny Sullivan and Stephen Minas, “Chapter 53: Culture and Expert Psychiatric Evidence” in Expert Evidence, edited by Ian Freckelton & Hugh Selby, Thomson Reuters, 2015.

    Book reviews

    • Stephen Minas, ‘Review: Julien Chaisse (ed), China’s International Investment Strategy: Bilateral, Regional, and Global Law and Policy’ (2019) 18 Chinese Journal of International Law 723.
    • Stephen Minas, ‘Review: Aquaculture Law and Policy: Global, Regional and National Perspectives by Nigel Bankes, Irene Dahl and David L VangerZwaag (Eds)’ (2017) 25 Water Law 255.

    Other publications

    • Ph.D. in Law, King’s College London
    • M.Sc., London School of Economics
    • B.A.(Hons), University of Melbourne
    • LL.B.(Hons), University of Melbourne
    • GDLP, College of Law, Australia
  • NEWS